Genel Energy Rise on Trading Update

Shares in Genel Energy rose by nearly 5 percent on Tuesday morning after the company issued the following trading and operations update in advance of the Company's full-year 2021 results, which are scheduled for release on 15 March 2022. The information contained herein has not been audited and may be subject to further review.

Bill Higgs, Chief Executive of Genel, said:

"In 2021 we generated significant free cash flow of $86 million, and in 2022 we are set to build on this as the strength of the oil price and our positive outlook means that free cash flow is expected to more than double. Our focus in 2022 is on growing the business and supporting our progressive dividend long-term.

"We aim to increase cash flow through the progression of our asset development plans and the addition of income streams. Our priority is the derisking and commercialisation of Sarta, while the successful farm-out on our Somaliland licence opens the way to drill an exploration well on this exciting opportunity."


  • Production in 2022 is expected to be around the same level as 2021
  • Genel expects to generate free cash flow of up to $200 million in 2022, pre dividend payments, at a Brent oil price of $75/bbl
    • An increase or decrease in Brent of $10/bbl impacts annual cash by $50 million
    • Under the terms of the Receivable Settlement Agreement signed in August 2017, the last override payment will be made relating to Tawke PSC production in July 2022. Given payments are received three months in arrears from the Kurdistan Regional Government ('KRG'), 10 override payments are expected in 2022
    • 2022 capital expenditure is expected to be between $140 million and $180 million, with key asset spending including:
      • c.$75 million expenditure forecast at the Tawke PSC, an increase of c.$25 million compared to 2021 as drilling increases at the Tawke field
      • c.$45-80 million expenditure forecast at Sarta, with higher spend the result of appraisal success
      • c.$10-20 million expenditure forecast at Taq Taq
      • Work is underway on planning a well in Somaliland, with expenditure in 2022 expected to be under $5 million
    • Operating costs expected to be c.$50 million (2021: $44 million), equating to under $5/bbl, retaining our advantageous low operating cost position
  • Following the termination of the Bina Bawi and Miran PSCs by Genel on 10 December 2021, Genel will be claiming substantial compensation from the KRG. Genel's claims will be brought in a private London seated international arbitration
  • Genel remains committed to paying a material and progressive dividend, as we look to offer a compelling mix of value-accretive growth and shareholder returns
  • Genel continues to invest in the host communities in which we operate. 2022 represents twenty years of operations in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq, which we will commemorate through the Genel20 programme, launching significant new social activities throughout the year, aligned with UN Sustainable Development Goals


  • $281 million of cash proceeds were received from the KRG in 2021 (2020: $173 million)
  • Capital expenditure of $165 million (2020: $109 million), with c.$45 million spent at the Tawke PSC and c.$110 million at Sarta and Qara Dagh
  • Free cash flow of $86 million in 2021, pre dividend payments (2020: $5 million free cash outflow), comparison impacted by:
    • Higher oil price of $71/bbl in 2021, compared to $42/bbl in 2020
    • 10 entitlement payments received in 2021, compared to 12 in 2020, following industry-wide reversion to payments three months in arrears by the KRG
    • Receivable recovery payments of $35 million received in 2021, with the resumption of Tawke override payments contributing a further $72 million ($23 million in override payments received in 2020)
  • Dividends paid in 2021 of 16¢ per share (2020: 15¢ per share), a total distribution of c.$45 million
  • Cash of $314 million at 31 December 2021, net cash of $44 million ($10 million at 31 December 2020)


  • Genel strives for safe operations with zero lost time injuries ('LTI') and zero tier one loss of primary containment events at Genel and TTOPCO operations. One LTI was reported in 2021 at Sarta-5 drilling operations and all corrective actions have been implemented
    • 1.2 million work hours subsequently completed across our operations without an LTI
  • Net production averaged 31,710 bopd in 2021, with net production in Q4 averaging 30,843 bopd
    • Production cost of c.$4/bbl, with margin per barrel of $24/bbl
  • Production by field was as follows:
(bopd) Gross production


Net production


Net production


Tawke 108,710 27,180 27,570
Taq Taq 5,940 2,610 4,250
Sarta 6,400 1,920 160
Total 121,060 31,710 31,980
  • Genel expects our confirmed 2021 carbon intensity to be c.15 kgCO2e/bbl for scope 1 and 2 emissions, significantly below the global oil and gas industry average of 20 kgCO2e/boe
    • Expected carbon intensity in 2021 has increased from 13kg CO2e/bbl in 2020 due to full year production at Sarta where associated gas is currently being flared. The gas management project to cease routine flaring is underway


  • Tawke PSC (25% working interest)
    • Gross production at the Tawke PSC averaged 108,710 bopd in 2021 (110,280 bopd in 2020)
    • Drilling activity is set to ramp up in 2022
  • Sarta (30% working interest and operator)
    • The results of early production from the Sarta pilot continue to help shape the view of full field development
    • Gross production averaged 6,400 bopd in 2021, with just over 2.5 million barrels having been produced from start up in late November 2020 to year end 2021
    • Drilling and completion operations at Sarta-1D concluded in November 2021, the Viking I-21 Rig was subsequently mobilised to Sarta-4 to workover the legacy exploration well for use as a produced water disposal well
    • Rigless well testing at Sarta-1D is now underway, with results expected early this quarter. This will allow for the performance of the thicker and more volumetrically significant Adaiyah reservoir to be fully evaluated. Oil produced from Sarta-1D will be delivered to the early production facility via a short c.2 km flowline that was installed in Q4 2021 removing any lag time between well testing results and monetisation of the resource
    • The Sarta-5 and Sarta-6 step out wells are designed to appraise the field away from the pilot production facility and will be key in resolving the current uncertainty over the size and shape of the Sarta field
    • Drilling and completion operations concluded at Sarta-5 at the end of 2021, and the Parker 265 Rig is currently mobilising to the Sarta 6 location with spud expected in the coming weeks
    • Rigless well-testing operations will be conducted at Sarta-5 in Q1 2022
    • As of 1 January 2022, Genel became PSC operator of Sarta in line with the agreement with Chevron
    • Genel has embarked on a renewable energy appraisal programme at Sarta, with the initial phase of this study assessing wind, solar and hydro options to power the early production facility. The study began in Q3 2021 and will be completed in 2022, as Genel aims to reduce GHG emissions from our facilities
  • Taq Taq PSC (44% working interest and joint operator)
    • Gross production at Taq Taq averaged 5,940 bopd in 2021, following the ongoing suspension of drilling activity
    • Activity at Taq Taq continues to be focused on optimising cash flow, and drilling may resume in H2 2022


  • Qara Dagh (40% working interest and operator)
    • As announced on 4 January, drilling operations on the QD-2 well have been suspended and the well temporarily abandoned
    • The evaluation by licence partners Genel and Chevron of the QD-2 well and its results is now underway, and this will inform next steps on the licence
  • Somaliland (51% working interest and operator)
    • Following the signing of a farm-out agreement with OPIC Somaliland Corporation relating to the SL10B13 block, field partners are now working together to plan exploration drilling, with an aim of drilling a well in 2023
  • Morocco (75% working interest and operator)
    • A farm-out campaign continues to be planned relating to the Lagzira block offshore Morocco (75% working interest and operator), with the aim of bringing a partner onto the licence prior to considering further commitments

(Source: Genel Energy)

The post Genel Energy Rise on Trading Update first appeared on Iraq Business News.

China “the Only Winner” in this Huge Iraqi Oil Field

Writing in Oil Price, Simon Watkins that the recent approval of the Iraqi National Oil Company (INOC)'s acquisition of ExxonMobil's 32.7 percent stake in the West Qurna 1 oil field is likely to leave China delighted, the U.S. irritated, and Iraq's oil industry still unable to achieve any of its key oil output goals.

Click here to read the full article.

The post China "the Only Winner" in this Huge Iraqi Oil Field first appeared on Iraq Business News.

Deloitte Report on Kurdistan Region Oil and Gas

Deloitte report on Oil and Gas review in the Iraqi Kurdistan Region - Q1 and Q2 of 2021

The KRG has published the reports containing verified statistics covering the Kurdistan Region's oil exports, consumption and revenues for covering period 1 January 2021 to 30 June 2021.

During the first half of 2021, the KRG exported 77.35 million barrels through Kurdistan Export Pipeline. In addition, 3.95 million barrels were allocated to local refineries. Of the exported crude oil, 76.869 million barrels were lifted by the buyers from Ceyhan Export Terminal, at an average price of 53.446 $/bbl.

The KRG has generated revenues of USD 4.1 billion from crude oil export sales during the first half of 2021. After making payments to oil producers, pipeline operators, and repayments to the buyers, the KRG retained net revenues from crude oil sales of US$ 1.737 billion.

The KRG is has engaged in discussions with international buyers and oil producers in continuing its efforts to maximize sales prices and reduce production costs to maximize value for the people of Kurdistan.

Transparency is central to the cabinet's agenda. The report, available in Kurdish, English and Arabic, provides a quarterly analysis of oil export information and average prices which have been independently reviewed and verified by Deloitte.

The KRG acknowledges the positive feedback received from domestic and international stakeholders. The council reiterates its commitment to the people of Kurdistan that Deloitte will continue to independently review and verify the statistics of the Kurdistan Region's oil and gas sector.

A frequently asked questions handbook (also available in Kurdish, English and Arabic) has also been developed to help readers to understand the report's contents.

Click here to download the reports.

(Source: KRG)

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Basra Energy Company established to run Rumaila Oilfield

By John Lee.

The Iraqi Ministry of Oil has officially established the new Basra Energy Company (BEC), which will be the main contractor at the giant Rumaila oilfield, under a Technical Service Contract (TSC).

Representing BEC at the ceremony, Zaid Elyaseri (BP) said the field will be developed to reach a peak production of 1.7 million barrels per day (bpd), up from the current level of approximately 1.45 million bpd.

Oil Minister Ihsan Abdul Jabbar added that, "PetroChina and BP are the two shareholders with SOMO and Basra Oil Company (BOC)." PetroChina is a subsidiary of the China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC).

(Source: Ministry of Oil)

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West Qurna-2 produces its One-Billionth Barrel of Oil

By John Lee.

Iraq's West Qurna-2 oilfield has just produced its one-billionth barrel of oil.

At a ceremony to mark the event, which was attended by Lukoil President Vagit Alekperov, Oil Minister Ihsan Abdul Jabbar said the field started with production of 220,000 bpd, rising to 400,000 bpd, with plans for peak production of 800,000 bpd in 2027.

He added that the field had contributed more than 40 billion dollars to the national economy.

(Sources: Ministry of Oil, Lukoil)

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Deal Signed for 96 new Wells at West Qurna 1

By John Lee.

Iraq has signed a contract with Schlumberger to drill 96 horizontal and diagonal oil wells at the West Qurna 1 field in Basra.

Saad Al-Damen, Vice President of Schlumberger, said the contract will add 200,000 barrels per day to production at the field.

The Undersecretary at the Ministry of Oil, Hamid Younis, said that directional boring covers more area and reduces the water level in the oil wells.

The $480-million deal was agreed by the Iraqi cabinet in March.

(Source: Ministry of Oil)

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Atrush Exceeds 50m Barrels Production

By John Lee.

ShaMaran Petroleum has announce that the Atrush block in Iraqi Kurdistan has surpassed the cumulative oil production milestone of 50 million barrels since its first oil in July 2017.

Dr. Adel Chaouch, President and Chief Executive Officer of ShaMaran, commented:

"This significant operational achievement is noteworthy as the production milestone has been achieved notwithstanding 2020's significantly reduced development program due to the global pandemic and collapse of world crude oil prices.

"This demonstrates that the Atrush joint venture has the ability to successfully navigate through the Kurdistan oil industry's difficult as well as good times."

(Source: ShaMaran Petroleum)

The post Atrush Exceeds 50m Barrels Production first appeared on Iraq Business News.

Kurdistan 2020 Oil Business “Crashed due to COVID-19”

The Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) has released its annual oil and gas audit report for 2020, which revealed several drops in production due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

The region's total exported and consumed oil for the year stood at 165,942,861 barrels, about 5 million barrels less comparing to 2019.

The average price of oil dropped to $28.1 per barrel as global markets crashed during the second quarter, with the gross value of crude oil sold via pipelines standing at $4,443,842,235.

As of Q4 2020, $294,315,126 of KRG funds remained held in a bank account in Lebanon due to restrictions on transferring foreign currency outside the country.

The full 2020 audit report is available here:

(Source: KRG)

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GKP Shares Rise on Corporate Update

By John Lee.

Shares in Gulf Keystone Petroleum (GKP) ended the day up more than 6 percent on Friday, as the Kurdistan-focused oil producer gave an operational and corporate update:

Jon Harris (pictured), Gulf Keystone's Chief Executive Officer, said:

"We continue to safely navigate a challenging operating environment due to COVID-19, with gross average year-to-date production of c.43,600 bopd, up almost 20% from 2020 annual average gross production. Today, we are pleased to announce that we have restarted work to complete SH-13, marking the resumption of drilling activities ahead of schedule.

"As a result, we now expect to increase gross production towards 55,000 bopd in Q4 2021 and to be at the upper end of 2021 guidance (40,000-44,000 bopd) as we continue to develop and realise the value of the Shaikan Field's substantial reserves and resources for the benefit of all stakeholders."

 55,000 bopd investment programme

  •  Successful restart of drilling activities, with commencement of SH-13 completion ahead of the previously announced schedule of Q3 2021.
  • After SH-13, SH-I will be drilled and electric submersible pumps will be installed in two existing wells.
  • Gross production is now expected to increase towards 55,000 bopd in Q4 2021, versus previous guidance of Q1 2022.


  • Continued strong safety performance, with no Lost Time Incident ("LTI") recorded for over 530 days.
  • Continuing to effectively manage the impact of COVID-19 on production operations and the resumption of drilling activities despite continued challenges on the ground.  
  • Gross average production from the field in 2021 to date of c.43,600 bopd, in line with 2021 guidance.


  • $100.8 million ($78.9 million net to GKP) received from the Kurdistan Regional Government in 2021 to date for payments of crude oil sales and recovery of outstanding arrears. 
  • As previously announced, proposing a $25 million annual dividend and $25 million special dividend, both for approval at next week's Annual General Meeting as we continue to balance investment in growth and returns to shareholders.
  • Retain a robust balance sheet, with a cash balance of $195 million as at 10 June 2021.


  • Expect 2021 average gross production guidance to be towards the upper end of the 40,000 to 44,000 bopd guidance range following early resumption of drilling activities.
  • 2021 guidance of $55-$65 million net capex and $2.5 to $2.9/bbl gross unit Opex remains unchanged.
  • Continuing to progress the preparation of the Field Development Plan, including the Gas Management Plan, through engagement with the Ministry of Natural Resources and other stakeholders; we will provide updates as this work progresses.

(Sources: GKP, Google)

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